We sought to explore the feasibility of using mobile phone text messaging coupled with motivational interviewing to enhance adherence to breastfeeding practices. A randomized, parallel group, single-center pilot trial. Electronic sequence generation and random allocation will be done centrally. Participants will be evaluated soon after giving birth and post-delivery at weeks 2, 6, 10, and Primary analysis will follow the "intention-to-treat" principle. Sub-group analysis will be used to assess sub-group effects. This pilot trial will evaluate the feasibility of conducting a larger trial on communication and support approaches to improve adherence to breastfeeding by HIV-infected women.
Text messaging and motivational interviewing are simple interventions which may allow participants to access personalized adherence advice and support. Registered on 8 November The family interview in the process of donating organs and tissues for transplantation: perceptions of potential donors' relatives. The family interview is a complex phase of the organ donation process because it involves aspects of the interviewer , the interviewee, the interview location, and ethical and legal issues.
However, there are few publications on this phase of the donation process. This study aimed to reveal the meaning assigned to the interview phase, in the process of donating organs and tissues for transplantation, by the families of potential donors.
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We performed a qualitative study of the phenomenologic aspect, within the modality "structure situated phenomena. After analyzing the interviews , the meaning of the interview was unveiled by the family members. Family members' expectations regarding nurses' competence in care homes: a qualitative interview study.
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Structural and cultural changes in the care of older people have influenced nursing practice, creating a need to identify current competency requirements for nurses working in care homes. Family members have an important role in ensuring the well-being of older people living in care homes, and family members' can provide valuable information about competence requirements. To explore the expectations of the care home residents' family members regarding the competence of nurses in care homes for older people.
A qualitative descriptive design was used. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 care home residents' family members between March and September Participants were recruited with help from regional associations and member associations of The Central Association of Carers in Finland and from regional associations of The Alzheimer's Society of Finland. The snowball technique was also used. The data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Ethics committee approval was obtained from the university committee on research ethics, and written informed consent was obtained from participants.
The care home residents' family members expected that nurses would be able to interact with and treat people respectfully. Reflective collaboration between the nurse and a family member was also emphasised. Family members expected nurses to provide high-quality basic care and nursing and support residents' well-being individually and holistically. Family members' expectations reflect the need for ethical and interactional competence in the care home. In addition, evidence-based practice competencies are required to provide high-quality care.
Nurses' ability to provide person-centred, individual and holistic care is vital to ensure care home residents' well-being. Patient and family member perspectives on searching for cancer clinical trials: A qualitative interview study. Clinical trials are vital in the context of ovarian cancer and may offer further treatment options during disease recurrence, yet enrollment remains low. Understanding patient and family member experiences with identifying trials can inform engagement and education efforts.
Interviews were conducted with 33 patients who had experience with clinical trial conversations and 39 nominated family members. Thematic analysis examined experiences and generated findings for clinical practice. Trial conversations with providers at diagnosis were uncommon and often overwhelming.
Most participants delayed engagement until later in the disease course. With hindsight, though, some wished they considered trials earlier. Difficulty identifying appropriate trials led some to defer searching to providers, but then they worried about missed opportunities.
Most family members felt unqualified to search. Trial conversations during clinical encounters should start early and include specifying search responsibilities of providers, patients, and family. Patients and family members can be engaged in searches but need guidance. Trials should be discussed throughout the disease course, even if patients are not ready to participate or are not making a treatment decision.
Education should focus on identifying trials that meet search criteria. Transparency regarding each individual's role in identifying trials is critical. Objectives To understand successful strategies used by people to cope well when living with advanced cancer; to explore how professionals can support effective coping strategies; to understand how to support development of effective coping strategies for patients and family carers. Design Qualitative serial 4—12 week intervals interview study with people with advanced cancer and their informal carers followed by focus groups.
The iterative design had a novel focus on positive coping strategies.
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Interview analysis focused on patients and carers as individuals and pairs, exploring multiple dimensions of their coping experiences. Focus group analysis explored strategies for intervention development. Setting Participants recruited through outpatient clinics at two tertiary cancer centres in Merseyside and Manchester, UK, between June and July Results 45 patient and 41 carer interviews were conducted plus 4 focus groups 16 participants. People draw from pre-diagnosis coping strategies, but these develop through responding to the experience of living with advanced cancer.
Strategies include being realistic, indulgence, support, and learning from others, which enabled participants to regain a sense of wellbeing after emotional challenge. Conclusions Our findings challenge current models of providing psychological support for those with advanced cancer which focus on professional intervention. The objective of this paper is to outline the formative research process used to develop the MOTIF mobile phone -based mHealth intervention to support post-abortion family planning in Cambodia.
The formative research process involved literature reviews, interviews and focus group discussions with clients, and consultation with clinicians and organisations implementing mHealth activities in Cambodia.
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This process led to the development of a conceptual framework and the intervention. Key findings from the formative research included identification of the main reasons for non-use of contraception and patterns of mobile phone use in Cambodia. We drew on components of existing interventions and behaviour change theory to develop a conceptual framework. A multi-faceted voice-based intervention was designed to address health concerns and other key determinants of contraception use. Formative research was essential in order to develop an appropriate mHealth intervention to support post-abortion contraception in Cambodia.
Each component of the formative research contributed to the final intervention design.
Elucidating the complex mechanisms by which harsh parenting increases risk of child psychopathology is key to targeted prevention. This requires nuanced methods that capture the varied perceptions and experiences of diverse families. Child Development, 65, , , is a comprehensive, semi-structured interview for characterizing methods of parental discipline used with young children.
The FSI-R coding system systematically rates parenting style, usual discipline techniques, and most intense physical and psychological discipline based on rater judgment across two eras: 1 birth to the previous year, and 2 the previous year to present. Findings supported the FSI-R's convergent and incremental validity.
Importantly, the FSI-R demonstrated incremental utility, explaining unique variance in children's externalizing and internalizing symptoms beyond that explained by traditional surveys and observed parenting. The FSI-R appeared particularly promising for capturing risk associated with young children's depressive symptoms, as these were generally not significantly associated with other measures of harsh parenting.
Overall, findings support the added value of the FSI-R within a multi-method assessment of disciplinary practices across early child development. Future implications for prevention are discussed. It is anticipated that a comprehensive characterization of the associated. Seizure disorders and developmental disorders: impact on life of affected families -a structured interview. Seizure disorder and developmental disorder are two of the most common chronic disorders in childhood. Data on perceived parental burden and specific effects on daily life is scarce.
We performed a structured interview , consecutively talking to all parents of pediatric outpatients of our university hospital diagnosed with seizure or developmental disorder.
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