This structure reaches back to the author's preceding work, the Gospel of Luke , and is signaled by parallel scenes such as Paul's utterance in Acts , which echoes Jesus's words in Luke Paul has Rome as his destination, as Jesus had Jerusalem. The second key element is the roles of Peter and Paul, the first representing the Jewish Christian church, the second the mission to the Gentiles.
The Gospel of Luke began with a prologue addressed to Theophilus; Acts likewise opens with an address to Theophilus and refers to "my earlier book", almost certainly the gospel. The apostles and other followers of Jesus meet and elect Matthias to replace Judas as a member of The Twelve. On Pentecost , the Holy Spirit descends and confers God's power on them, and Peter and John preach to many in Jerusalem and perform healings, casting out of evil spirits , and raising of the dead.
The first believers share all property in common , eat in each other's homes, and worship together.
Salvation in Acts Meaning and missional implication derived from the sociohistorical method
Stephen is accused of blasphemy and stoned. Stephen's death marks a major turning point: the Jews have rejected the message, and henceforth it will be taken to the Gentiles. The death of Stephen initiates persecution, and many followers of Jesus leave Jerusalem. The message is taken to the Samaritans, a people rejected by Jews, and to the Gentiles.
Saul of Tarsus , one of the Jews who persecuted the followers of Jesus, is converted by a vision to become a follower of Christ an event which Luke regards as so important that he relates it three times. Peter, directed by a series of visions, preaches to Cornelius the Centurion , a Gentile God-fearer, who becomes a follower of Christ.
The Holy Spirit descends on Cornelius and his guests, thus confirming that the message of eternal life in Christ is for all mankind. The Gentile church is established in Antioch north-western Syria, the third-largest city of the empire , and here Christ's followers are first called Christians. The mission to the Gentiles is promoted from Antioch and confirmed at a meeting in Jerusalem between Paul and the leadership of the Jerusalem church.
Paul spends the next few years traveling through western Asia Minor and the Aegean, preaching, converting, and founding new churches. On a visit to Jerusalem he is set on by a Jewish mob. Saved by the Roman commander, he is accused by the Jews of being a revolutionary , the "ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes", and imprisoned.
Later, Paul asserts his right as a Roman citizen, to be tried in Rome and is sent by sea to Rome, where he spends another two years under house arrest, proclaiming the Kingdom of God and teaching freely about "the Lord Jesus Christ". Acts ends abruptly without recording the outcome of Paul's legal troubles. Prior to the s, Luke—Acts was seen as a historical work, written to defend Christianity before the Romans or Paul against his detractors; since then, however, the tendency has been to see the work as primarily theological.
Luke—Acts is an attempt to answer a theological problem, namely how the Messiah, promised to the Jews, came to have an overwhelmingly non-Jewish church; the answer it provides, and its central theme, is that the message of Christ was sent to the Gentiles because the Jews rejected it. For Luke, the Holy Spirit is the driving force behind the spread of the Christian message, and he places more emphasis on it than do any of the other evangelists. The Spirit is "poured out" at Pentecost on the first Samaritan and Gentile believers and on disciples who had been baptised only by John the Baptist , each time as a sign of God's approval.
The Holy Spirit represents God's power At his ascension, Jesus tells his followers, "You shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you" : through it the disciples are given speech to convert thousands in Jerusalem, forming the first church the term is used for the first time in Acts 5. One issue debated by scholars is Luke's political vision regarding the relationship between the early church and the Roman Empire.
On the one hand, Luke generally does not portray this interaction as one of direct conflict. Rather, there are ways in which each may have considered having a relationship with the other rather advantageous to its own cause. For example, early Christians may have appreciated hearing about the protection Paul received from Roman officials against Gentile rioters in Philippi Acts —40 and Ephesus Acts —41 , and against Jewish rioters on two occasions Acts —17; Acts — Meanwhile, Roman readers may have approved of Paul's censure of the illegal practice of magic Acts —19 as well as the amicability of his rapport with Roman officials such as Sergius Paulus Acts —12 and Festus Acts — Furthermore, Acts does not include any account of a struggle between Christians and the Roman government as a result of the latter's imperial cult.
Thus Paul is depicted as a moderating presence between the church and the Roman Empire. On the other hand, events such as the imprisonment of Paul at the hands of the empire Acts 22—28 as well as several encounters that reflect negatively on Roman officials for instance, Felix's desire for a bribe from Paul in Acts function as concrete points of conflict between Rome and the early church.
Acts 9 Saul’s Salvation
Major turning points in the structure of Acts, for example, find parallels in Luke: the presentation of the child Jesus in the Temple parallels the opening of Acts in the Temple, Jesus's forty days of testing in the wilderness prior to his mission parallel the forty days prior to his Ascension in Acts, the mission of Jesus in Samaria and the Decapolis the lands of the Samaritans and Gentiles parallels the missions of the Apostles in Samaria and the Gentile lands, and so on see Gospel of Luke. Jesus Christ chose to get the attention of the people at Lydda by healing Aeneas through Peter.
As a result, the people who lived in Lydda and the Sharon plain a plain that runs north from Joppa to Mt Carmel turned to the Lord— probably many believed in Christ Acts 9. A disciple named Tabitha Aramaic name and Dorcas Greek name , who was known for her good works, lived there. She suddenly became sick and died.
Other disciples heard that Peter was nearby, so they sent for him. He came and through the gift of miracles brought her back to life resuscitation, not resurrection. This miracle got the attention of the people so that they listened to the gospel of Jesus Christ, believed in him and so received eternal life Acts 9.
Whoever will believe in Jesus Christ, trust Jesus Christ to give him eternal life, receives eternal life at that moment of faith John 3. Six words help to explain the gospel: God, man, sin, Christ, grace, and faith. God: is righteous, to be honored and served Deuteronomy Man: was created to reflect God's glory and to love and serve Him Genesis 1.
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Sin: all have sinned, all are separated from God, and all are under His judgment Romans 3. Christ: came into the world to die for our sins, arose, and is the only way to God 1 Timothy 1. Temporary spiritual gifts are supernatural sign gifts supernatural abilities that God gave to certain believers for a limited period of time so that they could authenticate their ministry and message about Jesus Christ; the primary purpose was not to cure physical or social ills.
These gifts were operational only during the transitional first century. The Bible lists the following temporary spiritual gifts: word of wisdom, word of knowledge, faith, healing, working miracles or powers, apostle, prophet and prophecy, differentiating of spirits, tongues, and interpretation of tongues 1 Corinthians The principle of temporary spiritual gifts is found in Hebrews 2. Paul could not heal him because God had withdrawn the gift of healing. Saul, also named Paul, was born in Tarsus, an important city within the Roman world.
He was a Jew of the tribe of Benjamin and a Roman citizen by birth. These parallels continue through both books. There are also differences between Luke and Acts, amounting at times to outright contradiction. For example, the gospel seems to place the Ascension on Easter Sunday , immediately after the Resurrection , while Acts 1 puts it forty days later. Acts agrees with Paul's letters on the major outline of Paul's career: he is converted and becomes a Christian missionary and apostle, establishing new churches in Asia Minor and the Aegean and struggling to free Gentile Christians from the Jewish Law.
There are also agreements on many incidents, such as Paul's escape from Damascus, where he is lowered down the walls in a basket. But details of these same incidents are frequently contradictory: for example, according to Paul it was a pagan king who was trying to arrest him in Damascus, but according to Luke it was the Jews 2 Corinthians and Acts Acts speaks of "Christians" and "disciples", but Paul never uses either term, and it is striking that Acts never brings Paul into conflict with the Jerusalem church and places Paul under the authority of the Jerusalem church and its leaders, especially James and Peter Acts 15 vs.
Acts 15 – The Purity of the Gospel in Salvation by Grace Alone
There are also major differences between Acts and Paul on Christology the understanding of Christ's nature , eschatology understanding of the "last things" , and apostleship. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Book of the New Testament. This article is about the book in the Christian New Testament. For the literature genre, see Acts of the Apostles genre. For the acronym, see ACTS disambiguation. For uses of Act, see Act.
Matthew Mark Luke John. Main article: Authorship of Luke—Acts. See also: Early Christianity and Jewish Christians. Bible portal. Fellowship for Intentional Community. Retrieved Grand Rapids, MI: W.
January 1, Paul, His Letters, and Acts. Grand Rapids, Mich. Acts of the Apostles. Christians Synagogue of the Libertines. Books of the Bible. Catholic Orthodox. Letter of Baruch Psalms — Category Portal WikiProject Book. Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Matthias Paul. New Testament people.
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