'Churchill, Roosevelt, and China'
From left to right:. Winston Churchill and Mme. Chiang Kai-shek. Chiang Kai-shek,. Union catalog. Electronic catalogue.
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Opening hours. How to find us. About us. Libarary services. Events and exhibitions. Normative acts. These secondary states had never been able to establish themselves as serious players in the game. The Portuguese made do with their island colony of Macau while the remainder largely withdrew. Next in line was Russia. Despite their geographical advantage, the ambitions of the Russians were repressed by domestic concerns.
The Germans never recovered from defeat in World War I. Stripped of their base at the port of Qingdao, and with their domestic economy in ruins, their influence could only decline.
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The British and French, while present to the end, were victims of the slide in European dominance that characterized the 20th century. While retaining significant presences in China and its surrounds, they had ceased to be expansion-minded players. Following the ruinous World War I, the best for which they could hope was the maintenance of their already considerable holdings. For America and Japan, however, the future promised more.
Both maintained the scope and inclination to expand their imperial presence. This developing showdown between the U. The other was the one that gradually evolved between the two social, ideological and military domestic powers that would fight to reunite a China that had fractured under the weight of the prolonged imperial presence: the Nationalists led by Chiang Kai-shek and the Communists under Mao Zedong.
The technological and industrial backwardness of s China ensured that Chiang was in need of an anti-communist patron for financial and materiel support. The Japanese initially fulfilled this role before giving up on Chiang and attempted to legitimize a puppet regime in occupied Nanjing.
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Chiang was then drawn to an increasingly receptive American nation. A proxy war between the U. In the failed negotiations between Japan and the U. In , when Chiang was bested by Mao, America spoke of having lost China. Japanese recognition would have culminated in the U.
Cairo Conference | The National WWII Museum Blog
He then waited for America to defeat the Japanese and formally replace them as his patron of choice. A farcical contingency occurred mid-war, in , when a series of American-administered defeats led the Japanese to offer Chiang genuinely favorable terms.
He spurned all advances lest Japanese troop withdrawals leave him exposed to a Communist advance. Several senior Japanese military officials became advisers to Chiang. The attempts of postwar America to deal with the realities of a fractured China, however, proved no more successful than those of prewar Japan. Fairbanks, the legendary American China Hand.
Related The Cairo Conference of 1943: Roosevelt, Churchill, Chiang Kai-shek and Madame Chiang
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